ROUTLEDGE

The Historical Jesus / 4 vols. set
Critical Concepts in Religious Studies
Edited by: Craig Evans

The historical study of the Jesus stories and the transmission of these stories through time has been of seminal importance to historians of religion. Critical historical examination allows scholars an escape from the confines of dogma, belief, and the theological interpretation. In recent years, historical Jesus studies have also opened up an important discussion concerning anti-Semitism and early Christianity and the political and ideological filtering of the Jesus story of early Christianity through the Roman Empire and beyond. This comprehensive collection brings together the vast array of historical research into the reality of the man, the teachings, and the acts and events ascribed to him that have served as the foundational story of one of the world's central religions. Forthcoming titles from the same series include Sects, Cults and New Religious Movements (2005, 4 volumes, c.£525) and Buddhism (2005, 8 volumes, c.£995).

Contents:
Volume I: The History of the Quest: Classic Studies and Critical Questions
Part 1: Classic Studies
1. Hermann S. Reimarus, Von dem Zwecke Jesu und seiner Jünger: Noch ein Fragment des Wolfenbüttelschen Ungenannten (Fragment 7; ed. G. E. Lessing; Braunschweig: [n.p.], 1778); K. Lachmann (ed.), Lessings Schriften (3rd ed., vols. 12-13; Leipzig: Göschen, 1897); ET: Fragments from Reimarus consisting of Brief Critical Remarks on the Object of Jesus and His Disciples (ed. C. Voysey; London: Williams and Norgate, 1879); Reimarus: Fragments (ed. C. H. Talbert; Philadelphia: Fortress, 1970; London: SCM Press, 1971) §53
2. David F. Strauss, Das Leben Jesu kritisch bearbeitet (2 Vols., Tübingen: C. F. Osiander, 1835-36; repr. in 1984; 3rd ed., 1838-39; 4th ed., 1840); ET: The Life of Jesus, critically examined (3 vols., London: Chapman, 1846; 5th ed. 1906; Philadelphia: Fortress, 1972; Lives of Jesus Series; London: SCM Press, 1973) 757-84 Concluding Dissertation.
3. Ernst Renan, La Vie de Jésus (Paris: Michel Lévy Frères, 1863); ET: The Life of Jesus (New York: Random, 1955) chap. 28 pp. 145-150.
4. Martin Kähler, Der sogenannte historische Jesus und der geschichtliche, biblische Christus (Leipzig: A. Deichert, 1892; 2nd ed., 1896; repr., 1956); ET: The So-Called Historical Jesus and the Historic, Biblical Christ (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1964) 46-71.
5. Albert Schweitzer, Von Reimarus zu Wrede: Eine Geschichte der Leben-Jesu-Forschung (Tübingen: Mohr [Siebeck], 1906); ET: The Quest of the Historical Jesus: A Critical Study of its Progress from Reimarus to Wrede (London: A. & C. Black, 1910; repr. with 'Introduction' by J. M. Robinson; New York: Macmillan, 1968) 1-12.
6. Rudolf Bultmann, Jesus (Berlin: Deutsche Bibliothek, 1926); ET: Jesus and the Word (New York: Scribner's, 1934, 1958) 3-15.
7. Ernst Käsemann, Das Problem des historischen Jesus, ZTK 51 (1954) 125-53; repr. in Käsemann, Exegetische Versuche und Besinnungen (vol. 1; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1960) 187-214; ET: The Problem of the Historical Jesus, in Käsemann, Essays on New Testament Themes (SBT 41; London: SCM Press, 1964) 15-47.
8. Ernst Fuchs, Die Frage nach dem historischen Jesus, ZTK 53 (1956) 210-29; repr. in Fuchs, Zur Frage nach dem historischen Jesus (GA 2; Tübingen: Mohr [Siebeck], 1960) 143-67; ET: The Quest of the Historical Jesus, in Fuchs, Studies of the Historical Jesus (SBT 42: London: SCM Press, 1964) 11-31.
9. Joachim Jeremias, The Problem of the Historical Jesus (Facet Books: Biblical Series 13; Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1964) 1-21.
10. James M. Robinson, A New Quest of the Historical Jesus (SBT 25; London: SCM Press; Naperville: Allenson, 1959; repr. London: SCM Press, 1961, 1963, 1965, 1968; London: Lewis Reprints, 1970; Missoula: Scholars, 1979) 48-72.
11. Rudolf Bultmann, Das Verhältnis der urchristlichen Christusbotschaft zum historischen Jesus (Heidelberg: Winter, 1960; 3rd ed., 1962); ET: The Primitive Christian Kerygma and the Historical Jesus, in C. E. Braaten and R. A. Harrisville (eds.), The Historical Jesus and the Kerygmatic Christ (Nashville: Abingdon, 1964) 15-42. Part 2: Critical Questions: Miracle and Myth
12. David F. Strauss, Das Leben Jesu kritisch bearbeitet (2 Vols., Tübingen: C. F. Osiander, 1835-36; repr. in 1984; 3rd ed., 1838-39; 4th ed., 1840); FT: Vie de Jésus, un examen critique de son histoire (2 vols., Paris: Librairie de Ladrange, 1839-40); ET: The Life of Jesus, critically examined (3 vols., London: Chapman, 1846; 5th ed. 1906; Philadelphia: Fortress, 1972; Lives of Jesus Series; London: SCM Press, 1973) 39-92 Introduction: Development of Myth . . . [The Fortress Press edition has been reprinted by Sigler Press.]
13. M. Goguel, Jésus de Nazareth, Mythe ou Histoire? (Paris: Payot, 1925); ET: Jesus the Nazarene: Myth or History? (New York: Appleton, 1926) 11-31.
14. R. Bultmann, Neues Testament und Mythologie, Part II of Bultmann, Offenbarung und Heilsgeschehen (BEvT 7; Munich: Kaiser, 1941); repr. in H.-W. Bartsch (ed.), Kerygma und Mythos: Ein Theologisches Gespräch (TF 1; Hamburg-Bergstedt: Reich und Heidrich, 1948; 4th ed., 1960); ET: Kerygma and Myth: A Theological Debate (London: SPCK, 1953; 2nd ed., 1964) 1-44.
15. A. N. Wilder, Mythology and the New Testament, JBL 69 (1950) 113-27.
16. G. Bornkamm, Mythos und Evangelium. Zur Diskussion des Problemes der Entmythologisierung der neutestamentlichen Verkündigung, in Bornkamm and W. Klaas, Mythos and Evangelium. Zum Programm R. Bultmanns (ThEx 26; Munich: Kaiser, 1951; 3rd ed., 1953) 3-29 = Bornkamm, Evangelium und Mythos. Zur Diskussion des Problemes der Entmythologisierung der neutestamentlichen Verkündigung, ZZ 5 (1951) 1-15; ET: Myth and Gospel. A Discussion of Demythologizing the New Testament Message, in C. E. Braaten and R. A. Harrisville (eds.), Kerygma and History: A Symposium on the Theology of Rudolf Bultmann (Nashville: Abingdon, 1962) 172-96. Part 3: Critical Questions: Presuppositions and Criteria of Authenticity
17. F. C. Grant, The Authenticity of Jesus' Sayings, in W. Eltester (ed.), Neutestamentliche Studien für Rudolf Bultmann (BZNW 21; Berlin: Töpelmann, 1954) 137-43.
18. W. O. Walker, The Quest for the Historical Jesus: A Discussion of Methodology, ATR 51 (1969) 38-56.
19. M. D. Hooker, Christology and Methodology, NTS 17 (1970-71) 480-87.
20. D. G. A. Calvert, An Examination of the Criteria for Distinguishing the Authentic Words of Jesus, NTS 18 (1972) 209-19.
21. M. D. Hooker, On Using the Wrong Tool, Th 75 (1972) 570-81.
22. R. H. Stein, The 'Criteria' for Authenticity, in R. T. France and D. Wenham (eds.), Studies of History and Tradition in the Four Gospels (Gospel Perspectives 2; Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1980) 225-63; repr. in Stein, Gospels and Tradition: Studies on Redaction Criticism of the Synoptic Gospels (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1991) 153-87. [reprint the reprinted version]

Volume II: The Teaching of Jesus
Part 1: Parables and Kingdom of God

23. C. H. Dodd, The Parables of the Kingdom (London: Nisbet, 1935) 11-33.
24. W. O. E. Oesterley, The Gospel Parables in the Light of Their Jewish Background (New York: Macmillan, 1936) 3-36.
25. J. Jeremias, Die Gleichnisse Jesu (Zürich: Zwingli, 1947; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 10th ed., 1984); ET: The Parables of Jesus (London: SCM Press, 1963; 3rd ed., New York: Scribner's, 1972) §10 The Setting 96-114.
26. M. Black, The Parable as Allegory, BJRL 42 (1960) 273-87.
27. E. Linnemann, Gleichnisse Jesu: Einführung und Auslegung (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1961; 7th ed., 1978); ET: Parables of Jesus: Introduction and Exposition (London: SPCK, 1966); Jesus of the Parables: Introduction and Exposition (New York: Harper & Row, 1967) chaps. 1
28. B. Gerhardsson, If We Do Not Cut the Parables Out of Their Frames, NTS 37 (1991) 321-35.
29. Johannes Weiss, Die Predigt Jesu vom Reiche Gottes (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1892; 2nd ed., 1900; 3rd ed. edited by F. Hahn, with introduction by R. Bultmann, 1964); ET: Jesus' Proclamation of the Kingdom of God (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1971; repr. Chico: Scholars, 1985) Introduction + §1
30. Werner G. Kümmel, Verheissung und Erfüllung: Untersuchungen zur eschatologischen Verkündigung Jesu (Basel: Majer, 1945; 2nd ed., Zürich: Zwingli, 1953); ET: Promise and Fulfilment (SBT 23; London: SCM Press, 1957) 19-48.
31. R. Otto, The Kingdom of God and the Son of Man: A Study in the History of Religion (rev. ed., Lutterworth Library 9; London: Lutterworth, 1943 [1938]; repr. Boston: Starr King Press, 1951 [German orig. 1934]) 97-107.
32. Reginald H. Fuller, The Mission and Achievement of Jesus (SBT 12; London: SCM Press, 1954) 20-49.
33. E. Grässer, Zum Verständnis der Gottesherrschaft, ZNW 65 (1974) 3-26; et: 'On Understanding the Kingdom of God,' in B. D. Chilton (ed.), The Kingdom of God in the Teaching of Jesus (IRT 5; London: SPCK; Philadelphia: Fortress, 1984) 52-71.
34. N. Perrin, Jesus and the Language of the Kingdom, in B. D. Chilton (ed.), The Kingdom of God (IRT 5; London: SPCK; Philadelphia: Fortress, 1984) 92-106. [orig. 1976]
35. B. D. Chilton, Regnum Dei Deus Est, SJT 31 (1978) 261-70. Part 2: Ethics and Piety
36. J. Klausner, Jesus of Nazareth: His Life, Times and Teaching (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1925) 381-97 The Ethical Teaching of Jesus
37. T. W. Manson, The Old Testament in the Teaching of Jesus, BJRL 34 (1951-52) 312-32.
38. T. W. Manson, Ethics and the Gospel (London: SCM Press, 1960) 87-103.
39. C. H. Dodd, The Founder of Christianity (London: Collins, 1971) 53-79.
40. D. Zeller, God as Father in the Proclamation and in the Prayer of Jesus, in A. Finkel (ed.), Standing Before God: Studies on Prayer in Scripture and in Tradition (J. M. Oesterreicher Festschrift; New York: Ktav, 1981) 117-29.
41. M. J. Borg, Conflict, Holiness, and Politics in the Teachings of Jesus (Harrisburg: Trinity Press International, 1998 [orig. 1984]) chap. 5 pp. 135-55.
42. J. S. Kloppenborg, Alms, Debt, and Divorce: Jesus Ethics in their Mediterranean Context, TJT 6 (1990) 182-200. Volume III: Jesus' Mission, Death, and Resurrection Part 1: Mission and Self-Understanding
43. H. J. Cadbury, The Peril of Modernizing Jesus (New York: Macmillan, 1937) chap. 6 pp. 120-53.
44. O. Betz, Die Frage nach dem messianischen Bewusstsein Jesu, NovT 6 (1963) 20-48; repr. in Betz, Jesus, der Messias Israels: Aufsätze zur biblischen Theologie (WUNT 42; Tübingen: Mohr [Siebeck], 1987) 140-68.
45. R. E. Brown, How Much Did Jesus Know?
46. R. T. France, The Servant of the Lord in the Teaching of Jesus, TynBul 19 (1968) 26-52.
47. I. H. Marshall, The Son of Man in Contemporary Debate, EvQ 42 (1970) 67-87.
48. R. J. Bauckham, The Sonship of the Historical Jesus in Christology, SJT 31 (1978) 245-60.
49. R. E. Brown, Did Jesus Know He Was God? BTB 15 (1985) 74-79.
50. P. Stuhlmacher, Jesus of Nazareth
51. J. D. G. Dunn, Messianic Ideas and Their Influence on the Jesus of History, in J. H. Charlesworth (ed.), The Messiah: Developments in Earliest Judaism and Christianity (Minneapolis: Fortress, 1992) 365-81.
52. B. F. Meyer, Jesus' Ministry and Self-Understanding, in B. D. Chilton and C. A. Evans (eds.), Studying the Historical Jesus: Evaluations of the State of Current Research (NTTS 19; Leiden: Brill, 1994) 337-52.

Part 2: The Death of Jesus
53. H. Danby, The Bearing of the Rabbinical Criminal Code on the Jewish Trial Narratives in the Gospels, JTS 21 (1920) 51-76.
54. A. N. Sherwin-White, The Trial of Christ in the Synoptic Gospels, in Sherwin-White, Roman Society and Roman Law in the New Testament (The Sarum Lectures 1960
55. R. E. Brown, The Burial of Jesus (Mark 15:42-47), CBQ 50 (1988) 233-45.
56. B. R. McCane, Where no one had yet been laid: The Shame of Jesus' Burial,' in B. D. Chilton and C. A. Evans (eds.), Authenticating the Activities of Jesus (NTTS 28; Leiden: Brill, 1999) 431-52.
57. J. D. G. Dunn, Are You the Messiah? Is the Crux of Mark 14:61-62 Resolvable?' in D. G. Horrell and C. M. Tuckett (eds.), Christology, Controversy and Community: New Testament Essays in Honour of David R. Catchpole (NovTSup 99; Leiden: Brill, 2000) 1-22. Part 3: The Resurrection of Jesus
58. C. H. Dodd, The Appearances of the Risen Christ: An Essay in Form-Criticism of the Gospels, in D. E. Nineham (ed.), Studies in the Gospels: Essays in Memory of R. H. Lightfoot (Oxford: Blackwell, 1955; repr. 1957) 9-35.
59. G. G. O'Collins, Is the Resurrection an Historical Event? HeyJ 8 (1967) 381-87.
60. R. H. Stein, Was the Tomb Really Empty? JETS 20 (1977) 23-29.
61. E. Schweizer, Resurrection: Fact or Illusion? HBT 1 (1980) 137-59.
62. G. G. O'Collins, Luminous Appearances of the Risen Christ, CBQ 46 (1984) 247-54.
63. R. H. Gundry, The Essential Physicality of Jesus' Resurrection according to the New Testament, in J. B. Green and M. Turner (eds.), Jesus of Nazareth: Lord and Christ: Essays on the Historical Jesus and New Testament Christology (Carlisle: Paternoster; Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1994) 204-19.
64. P. Perkins, The Resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth, in B. D. Chilton and C. A. Evans (eds.), Studying the Historical Jesus: Evaluations of the State of Current Research (NTTS 19; Leiden: Brill, 1994) 423-42.
65. C. E. B. Cranfield, The Resurrection of Jesus Christ, in Cranfield, On Romans and Other New Testament Essays (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1998) 137-50.

Volume IV: Lives of Jesus and Jesus Outside the Bible
Part 1: Lives of Jesus

66. E. Renan, La Vie de Jésus (Paris: Michel Lévy Frères, 1863); ET: The Life of Jesus (New York: Random, 1955) chaps. VIII
67. F. E. D. Schleiermacher, Das Leben Jesu (ed. K. A. Rütenik; Berlin: Georg Reimer, 1864); ET: The Life of Jesus (ed. J. C. Verheyden; Philadelphia: Fortress, 1975) Lectures 24
68. A. Edersheim, The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah (2 vols., New York: Randolph; London: Longmans, 1883; repr. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1943) chap. XXVI The Healing of the Woman pp. 616-34.
69. W. Bousset, Jesus (Halle: Gebauer-Schwetschke, 1904; 3rd ed., Tübingen: Mohr [Siebeck], 1907); ET: Jesus (Crown Theological Library 14; New York: Putnam; London: Williams and Norgate, 1906) Book III chap. ix Jesus and the Messiahship pp. 166-80.
70. A. Schlatter, Die Geschichte des Christus (Stuttgart: Calwer, 1921; 2nd ed., 1923; 3rd ed., 1977); ET: The History of the Christ: The Foundation of New Testament Theology (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1997) II.1
71. M. Goguel, La Vie de Jésus (Paris: Payot, 1925); ET: The Life of Jesus (New York: Macmillan, 1933) XIII.i
72. M. J. Lagrange, L'évangile de Jésus-Christ (Paris: Gabalda, 1928); ET: The Gospel of Jesus Christ (2 vols., London: Burns, Oates, and Washbourne, 1938) vol. 1, pp. 161-75 Various Opinions about the Work of Jesus.
73. W. Barclay, The Mind of Jesus (London: SCM Press, 1960) chap. 16 The Recognition of Jesus by Men pp. 167-76.
74. E. F. Harrison, A Short Life of Christ (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1968) chap. XII The Upper Room pp. 176-88.

Part 2: Jesus Outside the Bible
Jesus in the Agrapha and Extracanonical Gospels

75. H. Koester, The Extracanonical Sayings of the Lord as Products of the Christian Community, in C. H. Hedrick (ed.), The Historical Jesus and the Rejected Gospels (Semeia 44; Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1988) 57-77.
76. W. D. Stroker, Extracanonical Parables and the Historical Jesus, in C. H. Hedrick (ed.), The Historical Jesus and the Rejected Gospels (Semeia 44; Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1988) 95-120.
77. J. H. Charlesworth and C. A. Evans, Jesus in the Agrapha and Apocryphal Gospels, in B. D. Chilton and C. A. Evans (eds.), Studying the Historical Jesus: Evaluations of the State of Current Research (NTTS 19; Leiden: Brill, 1994) 479-533.
Gospel of Peter
78. J. B. Green, The Gospel of Peter: Source for a Pre-Christian Passion Narrative? ZNW 78 (1987) 293-301.
Gospel of Thomas
79. K. R. Snodgrass, The Gospel of Thomas: A Secondary Gospel, Second Century 7 (1989) 19-30.
Papyrus Egerton 2
80. D. F. Wright, Papyrus Egerton 2 (the 'Unknown Gospel')
Secret Gospel of Mark
81. R. E. Brown, The Relation of The Secret Gospel of Mark to the Fourth Gospel, CBQ 36 (1974) 466-85.
Jesus in non-Christian Sources
82. J. H. Charlesworth, Research on the Historical Jesus Today: Jesus and the Pseudepigrapha, the Dead Sea Scrolls, the Nag Hammadi Codices, Josephus, and Archaeology, PrincSB 6 (1985) 98-115.
83. C. A. Evans, Jesus in Non-Christian Sources, in B. D. Chilton and C. A. Evans (eds.), Studying the Historical Jesus: Evaluations of the State of Current Research (NTTS 19; Leiden: Brill, 1994), pp. 443-78.

4 vols. /ISBN Set 0-415-32750-4
May 2004
List price: £ 475.00
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